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Area Physics for electrotechnology / Relativistic physics for electrotechnology

IEV ref 113-07-48

Symbol
F _ _ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGgbaaaa aa@3482@

en
four-force
four-dimensional generalization of three-dimensional force

F _ _ = d p _ _ / dτ

where p _ _ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGWbaaaa aa@34AC@ is four-momentum and τ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaqiXdaaa@34F3@ is proper time

Note 1 to entry: A four-dimensional generalization of Newton’s law says: For a particle with rest mass m 0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaamyBamaaBaaaleaaca aIWaaabeaaaaa@357E@ , F _ _ = m 0 a _ _ =γ( j γ ˙ m 0 c 0 ; F ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGgbaaai abg2da9iaad2gadaWgaaWcbaGaaGimaaqabaGcdaadbaqaaiaadgga aaGaeyypa0Jaaq4SdiaacIcacaGGQbGabq4SdyaacaGaamyBamaaBa aaleaacaaIWaaabeaakiaadogadaWgaaWcbaGaaGimaaqabaGccaGG 7aGabmOrayaalaGaaiykaaaa@4385@ , where a _ _ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGHbaaaa aa@349D@ is four acceleration, j MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaeOAaaaa@3493@ is the imaginary unit, γ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaq4Sdaaa@34E2@ is the Lorentz factor and γ ˙ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGabq4Sdyaacaaaaa@34EB@ its derivative, and F = d p / dt is three-dimensional force.

Note 2 to entry: The coherent SI unit of four-force is newton, N=kgm s −2 .


fr
quadriforce, f
généralisation quadridimensionnelle de la force tridimensionnelle

F _ _ = d p _ _ / dτ

p _ _ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGWbaaaa aa@34AC@ est le quadrivecteur impulsion et τ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaqiXdaaa@34F3@ est letemps propre

Note 1 à l’article: Selon une généralisation quadridimensionnelle de la loi de Newton: pour une particule de masse au repos m 0 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaamyBamaaBaaaleaaca aIWaaabeaaaaa@357E@ , F _ _ = m 0 a _ _ =γ( j γ ˙ m 0 c 0 ; F ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGgbaaai abg2da9iaad2gadaWgaaWcbaGaaGimaaqabaGcdaadbaqaaiaadgga aaGaeyypa0Jaaq4SdiaacIcacaGGQbGabq4SdyaacaGaamyBamaaBa aaleaacaaIWaaabeaakiaadogadaWgaaWcbaGaaGimaaqabaGccaGG 7aGabmOrayaalaGaaiykaaaa@4385@ , où a _ _ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaWaaWqaaeaacaWGHbaaaa aa@349D@ est la quadri-accélération, j MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaeOAaaaa@3493@ est l’unité imaginaire, γ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGaaq4Sdaaa@34E2@ est le facteur de Lorentz et γ ˙ MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbbjxAHX garuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garmWu51MyVXgarqqtubsr4rNCHbGe aGqipu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm 0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=xb9ad baGaaiGaciGacmaaceGaaiGacaabaaGcbaGabq4Sdyaacaaaaa@34EB@ sa dérivée, et F = d p / dt est la force tridimensionnelle.

Note 2 à l’article: L’unité SI cohérente de quadriforce est le newton, N=kgm s −2 .


Publication date: 2022-06
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